One of the most basic machining tools, CNC turning is a practical production process for many types of parts production. Like other CNC technology, CNC turning uses computer-aided drawing (CAD) files to reproduce parts to a high degree of accuracy and precision.
Like, CNC milling, CNC turning is used as a manufacturing process for precision parts production. Sometimes used synonymously with CNC lathe, CNC turning centers are typically more flexible, offer more tools and design options, and can produce more parts per day.
Like CNC milling, a CNC turning machine holds a block of material and the mechanism rotates while material is removed to create the shape. CNC turning is typically used to manufacture cylindrical-type forms and is a straightforward process:
For more complex shapes and finishes, CNC turning can be combined with CNC milling and other processes.
CNC turning uses many different operations to create parts including facing to produce a flat surface, threading (internal and external) knurling for regular roughness on a cylinder shape, drilling and boring to make holes, and more.
Virtually any type of cylindrical, gear or rounded part can be created using CNC turning. The operation is used to manufacture parts for automotive, aerospace, agriculture, and other industries. CNC turning is used for shift knobs, auto parts, knobs, pulleys and shafts, toy parts, flywheels, hubs, disc cam, crankshafts, and more.
As a staple in precision parts manufacturer, if a part can be made using CNC turning it will result in the highest quality part against traditional or manual methods. Buyers can count on a high accuracy of each surface, stable precision regardless of the production run, fine finishing, and high quality for fine details.
CNC turning is a great technology for functional prototypes, end-use parts, cylindrical features, and parts with holes, flats, grooves, and slots. The process works quickly, efficiently, and is typically cost effective for buyers looking for large quantities. Because CNC turning is so efficient, there is minimal waste.
Like all CNC machine types, CNC turning can process almost any type of material. CNC turning can produce parts from wood, plastics or metals.
Materials that can be used with a CNC milling process include:
CNC Milling and CNC Turning allow users to create patterns and add detail to metals that are impossible to do by hand. CNC Milling uses commands, codes programmed into the computer and set to run. The mill then drills and turns along axes to cut materials to dimensions entered into the computer. Computer programming allows machines to make precise cuts, users can manually override the CNC Machines to slow or speed up the process.
In contrast, CNC Turning uses computer-controlled machines to create a different final product. The process uses a single-point cutting tool that inserts parallel to the material to cut. The material is rotated at changing speeds and the tool cutting traverses to create cylindrical cuts with exact measurements. It is used to create circular or tubular shares from larger material pieces. It is an automated process and speeds can be adjustments for greater accuracy rather than turning a lathe by hand.
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